Field Journal 2

Field Journal 2: ID and Flight Physiology
Feb 20, 2021
Start time: 9:05
End time: 10:53
Location: UVM Campus, Burlington, VT
Weather: 19 degrees F, 70-80% cloud cover, NW wind at 5-10mph
Habitats: open areas with lone trees and buildings, suburban neighborhoods, forested areas

Observing the flight pattern of a House Sparrow is much different from that of a Ring-billed Gull. When looking at the House Sparrow, their wing flaps are very frequent and frantic during flight as they try to maneuver around their environment. The particular group of House Sparrows I was observing often moved locations in one small shrub to another, utilizing their elliptical shaped wings to easily change flight direction and speed to navigate their habitat. The Ring-billed Gull on the other hand exhibited very different behavior and flight patterns. The individuals that were observed primarily coasted through open air, with only very occasional wing flaps and no change of direction in flight. Their high aspect ratio wing shape allows them to efficiently glide long distances through the air, navigating their habitat consisting primarily of open spaces and lengthy travel.

Wing shape, flight style, and habitat niche are all very clearly related to one another. When looking at very specific habitats, often inhabited by particular species of birds, they may require specialized modes of transportation. For example, when looking at grassy fields and open habitats, species may benefit from being able to travel distances with high speed. This will allow them to efficiently travel throughout their habitat, and easily catch prey species such as flying insects and quickly avoid predators. However, a dense forest would demand a very different form of movement in order for a species to survive. Many obstacles and tight barriers require species to be able to maneuver with great control in both direction and speed of flight. This would allow them to fly efficiently and both find food or escape predatory species with ease.

Looking further into these relationships, wing shape often dictates the flight style of a given species of bird. For example, expanding on previous examples, an open field habitat requiring fast speed, would most likely contain species with a high speed wing. This wing shape, most notably containing a very fine and sharp wing tip, allows a bird to travel very quickly throughout the air with great ease. This adaptation would allow bird species to thrive in open areas with flying prey species, as they have the capabilities to take advantage of these available resources. On the contrary, species with elliptical wings will have very different flight capabilities. The short and wide wing shape allows a bird to have excellent maneuverability within the air, giving them great control over speed and movement of their flight. Species with this wing shape will often be found in densely forested habitats, that, as previously discussed, require species to have such great maneuverability to navigate their habitat and survive within it.

The mini activity was very interesting, as it really forced me to pay attention to very nitty gritty details of the species of bird that I would have previously overlooked. I really enjoyed taking the time to understand the integrate characteristics of the bird that make its species distinct from others, and I hope this will have evolved my identification abilities in the future.

Downy Woodpecker Sketch:

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1C93xe6DrzmTV6rbOjC6LIZf9vMDKlk-8/view?usp=sharing

Anotado por acshiers acshiers, febrero 22, lunes 21:57

Observaciones

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Carbonero de Capucha Negra Poecile atricapillus

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Gorrión Doméstico Passer domesticus

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Chara Azul Cyanocitta cristata

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Jilguerito Canario Spinus tristis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Pardillo Sizerín Acanthis flammea

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Cardenal Rojo Cardinalis cardinalis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Bajapalos Pecho Blanco Sitta carolinensis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Carbonero Copetón Baeolophus bicolor

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Bajapalos Pecho Canela Sitta canadensis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Pinzón Mexicano Haemorhous mexicanus

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Águila Cabeza Blanca Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Ganso Canadiense Mayor Branta canadensis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Cuervo Norteamericano Corvus brachyrhynchos

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Individual making a clicking vocalization near UHN near Prospect St. followed by another individual in flight. Other individuals seen perched near the tops of trees throughout campus.

Fotos / Sonidos

Square

Qué

Carpintero Velloso-Menor Dryobates pubescens

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

Square

Qué

Carpintero de Cresta Dryocopus pileatus

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Male individual pecking into a medium sized pine tree within the Redstone Pines.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Cuervo Común Corvus corax

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

All three flying east, vocalizing.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Mirlo Primavera Turdus migratorius

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Large flocks of upwards fo 20 individuals flying around Redstone Campus. Other pairs seen flying around other on campus locations.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Gaviota Pico Anillado Larus delawarensis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Three Ring-billed gulls flying east over Redstone Campus.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Carbonero de Capucha Negra Poecile atricapillus

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

One individual within the ornamental trees on Redstone Campus. The others spotted on Robinson Parkway.

Fotos / Sonidos

Square

Qué

Gorrión Doméstico Passer domesticus

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

All sparrows spotted in short shrubbery along Robinson Parkway. Other individuals heard along S. Prospect street but not visually seen.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Chara Azul Cyanocitta cristata

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

One individual sitting on a telephone line behind a house on Robinson Parkway.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Jilguerito Canario Spinus tristis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Individual may have been male or female, difficult to identify given the similar plumage this time of year.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Pardillo Sizerín Acanthis flammea

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Two individuals flew into short shrubs along Robinson Parkway among 8 house sparrows, then proceeded to fly off.

Fotos / Sonidos

Square

Qué

Cardenal Rojo Cardinalis cardinalis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Two males chasing after one another. Female present nearby.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Bajapalos Pecho Blanco Sitta carolinensis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Found along an old tree on Robinson Parkway, among many other species.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Carbonero Copetón Baeolophus bicolor

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Found along an old tree on Robinson Parkway, among many other species.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Bajapalos Pecho Canela Sitta canadensis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Found along an old tree on Robinson Parkway, among many other species.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Pinzón Mexicano Haemorhous mexicanus

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Águila Cabeza Blanca Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Juvenal plumage, flying northwards.

Fotos / Sonidos

No hay fotos o sonidos

Qué

Ganso Canadiense Mayor Branta canadensis

Autor

acshiers

Fecha

Febrero 20, 2021

Descripción

Flying North-East, V shape formation.

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